2013年6月13日 星期四

聞所成地-4.因明處--4.3.論所依---4.3.1.所成立自性


4.3.論所依
云何論所依?當知有十種。謂所成立義有二種,能成立法有八種。所成立義有二種者,一、自性;二、差別。
[]什麼是論所依呢?根據什麼來說話呢?應當知道有十種根據。哪十種?就是所要成立的宗旨有二種,能成立的理由有八種。所成立的宗旨有二種,哪二種?一、自性,二、差別。vādādhiṣṭhānaṃ katamat/ tad daśavidhaṃ draṣṭavyaṃ/ sādhyo 'rtho dvividhaḥ/ sādhyasyārthasya sādhanam aṣṭavidhaṃ/ sādhyo 'rtho dvividhaḥ katamaḥ svabhāvo viśeṣaś ca/
III. FOUNDATION OF THE DEBATE
What is the foundation of the debate (vadadhisthana)? There are ten kinds. Two kinds are the two thesis topics (sadhya-artha). Eight kinds are the proving (sadhana) of the thesis topics. What are the two theis topics? They are the individual presence (svabhava) and the qualification (viseya).

4.3.1.所成立自性
所成立自性者,謂有立為有,無立為無。
[]什麼是所成立的自性?若是這一件事是有,就說他是有,這就是自性。這件事是沒有的,就說他是沒有。tatra svabhāvaḥ/ sādhyaḥ sac ca sato 'sac cāsataḥ/
Among them, a. The thesis individual presence is existence of an existent, and nonexistence of a nonexistent.

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