vāde bahukarā dharmāḥ katame/ trayo dharmā vāde bahukarā veditavyaḥ svaparasamayajñatā/ vaiśāradyaṃ pratibhānaṃ ca/
VII. ATTRIBUTES OF MUCH UTILITY IN THE DEBATE
What are the attributes (dharma) of much utility (bahukara) in the debate? Three attributes are of much utility in the debate: (1) Knowledge of one's own and the other's context (svaparasamayajnata), (2) Confidence (vaisaradya), (3) Resource- fulness (pratibhana).
[解]問：如是三法於所立論，什麼理由說有很多的作用呢？答：能夠善巧的了知，自家的宗旨，和對方宗旨，於一切法，都會發起善巧的言論，所以多有所作。勇猛無畏故，處一切眾能起談論，所以能夠多有所作。智慧辯才沒有窮盡，所以能夠善巧回答他的難問。是故此三，於所立論多有所作。kasmād ime trayo dharmā vāde bahukarā ity ucyante/ yathāpi vādī svaparasamayajñatayā sarvatra vastuni kathāṃ karoti/ vaiśāradyena sarvasyāṃ parṣadi kathāṃ karoti/pratibhānena sarvatrābhihite uttaraṃ prayacchati/ tasmād ime trayo dharmā vāde bahukarā ity ucyante/ ime ucyante vāde bahukarā dharmāḥ/uddhānaṃ/
vādo 'dhikaraṇaṃ tasya tadadhiṣṭhānaṃ eva ca/ bhūṣaṇaṃ nigrahas tasya niśritir bahukarakāḥ/
Why are these three attributes said to be of much utility? It is this way: (1) The first speaker, by knowing one's own and the other's context, is able to make a discourse on all given matters. (2) By confidence one is able to deliver a discourse to all groups. (3) By resourcefulness one is able to offer reply to everyone who addresses [with challenge of response]. Therefore, these three attributes are said to be of much utility. The foregoing are the attributes of much utility in the debate.
Summation verse: The debate and its setting, its foundation; its ornaments and points of defeat; undertaking it, and what are of much utility for it.
[Finished is Asanga's Rules of Debate].